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April Wildflower Spotlight: 
Trillium

Trillium

Trillium is from the Greek “tris” meaning three, because all plant parts occur in 3’s. Trilliums are some of the prettiest, most obvious and abundant of the spring wildflowers on the forest floor. They grow in soil that is moist yet well drained. Most Trillium prefer acidic to neutral soil in deep or partial shade. They appear in early April and continue through late May. The eight varieties that bloom in the Garden vary in color. Grandiflorum and nodding trilliums are white. Painted Trillium are white with red rays coming out of the center. Wake Robins and Toad Shade are pale yellow or deep maroon. The white variety becomes pink as the flowers age. Native Americans once believed Trilliums to be a powerful love potion if eaten and they also used the leaves and blossoms to make a poultice to treat skin sores and insect bites. Today Trilliums are used for ornamental purposes. It takes 6 years for the plant to propagate from seed to flower. 

Previous Spotlights:

March: Bloodroot
February: Heartleaf

January Witchhazel
October: Closed Gentian
September:   Goldenrod
August:   Joe Pye Weed
July:    Cardinal Flower
June:   Rosebay Rhododendron