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September Flora Spotlight:
Green Headed Coneflower

Green Headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia lanciniata

The Green Headed Coneflower is a member of the Aster family and a close relative of the Black-eyed Susans. Other common names include cutleaf coneflower, cone-disk sunflower, tall coneflower and thimbleweed. The central cone is greenish in contrast to the dark brown centers of several Rudbeckia species. In late winter and early spring the dark green fern like foliage is attractive in a woodland garden or perennial border. These lovely wildflowers grow 5 -8 feet in a moist to wet area of the garden and are surprisingly tolerant of average and even dry soils. Although they thrive in full sunlight they can be content in shady areas, but may not flower as profusely. 

Native Americans used these flowers to make dyes used in basketry and on animal skins and feathers. A poultice of the blooms was also used for burns. Many insects feed on the nectar of the blooming flowers and the seeds are relished by birds like goldfinches.

This easy to grow perennial wildflower is a must for sun or shade gardens and backyard habitats.

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